Monday, August 31, 2020
August 31, 1972
American superstar swimmer, Mark Spitz, wrapped up the Olympic butterfly double in world record time of 54.27 in the 100-meter at the Olympic Games in Munich, Germany, having already won the 200-meter in world record time in 2:00.70
1977 ISHOF Honor Swimmer Mark Spitz
Ian Crocker (USA)
2017 Honor Swimmer
When 17-year old Ian Crocker entered the 2000 US Olympic Trials, it was with a view to gain experience for 2004, but he left the meet winning the 100m butterfly. Then, at the Olympic Games in Sydney, he won a gold medal as a member of the USA’s world record breaking 4x100m medley relay team.
After graduating from high school, he left Maine to swim for Eddie Reese at the University of Texas and won the NCAA title in the 100yd butterfly as a freshman. He was America’s top flyer and won a silver medal at the 2001 FINA World Championships. At the 2002 Phillips Nationals in Fort Lauderdale, 17-year old Michael Phelps rallied in the final yards to beat him and claim his American record of the 100m butterfly. Thus began an incredible rivalry that would last through the Beijing Olympic Games.
At the 2003 FINA World Championships, Crocker won the 100m butterfly, beating Phelps and becoming the first in history to break 51 seconds. He beat Phelps and bettered his world record again at the 2004 Olympic Trials while also finishing second behind Jason Lezak in the 100m freestyle.
Before their race in Athens, it was clear that Ian had not been feeling well or swimming well. In fact, he arrived at the Olympic village with a sore throat. He performed poorly in the 100m freestyle and freestyle relay and as he was starting to feel better, Phelps took the gold with a brilliant touch at the wall to beat him in the 100m butterfly, which knocked him off the relay, one that he had been a part of since 2000. In a magnanimous gesture of grace and sportsmanship, Michael Phelps gave his medley spot to Crocker. “He wasn’t feeling too well,” said Phelps. “He deserved another shot.” The gesture brought Crocker to near tears and he didn’t disappoint, splitting a world best time of 50.28 seconds, to help his team win gold and set a new world record.
In 2005, Phelps had backed off a bit on training, while Crocker was wholly focused on the FINA World Championships. In the much anticipated rematch, Crocker took the lead and never looked back, finishing a full body length ahead of the field and breaking his world record by more than three tenths of a second.
At the 2008 Beijing Olmpic Games, despite not earning a medal in his signature event, Crocker swam in the prelims of the USA’s 4×100m medley relay and received his third Olympic relay gold medal.
Ian Crocker retired after the Beijing Games with 21 medals in major international competition, spanning three Olympics and four FINA World Championships. He is one of the only swimmers in history to win the same event - the 100yd butterfly - all four years of college. History will remember him as one of the greatest butterflyers, a man who held onto the 100m butterfly world record for six years.
CECIL COLWIN (CAN)
1993 Honor Contributor
FOR THE RECORD: Swimming coach in South Africa from 1945-1971, introducing age group swimming and coaching swimmers to every Olympic Team; founder of South African Professional Swimming Coaches Association, swimmers broke four world records and won 45 Senior South African Championships; Coach in Australia 1971-1972; National Technical Director of Canada 1973-1977; Introduced the successful "TAG" (Top Age Group) and event identification program in Canada; First to conduct extensive research into the fluid dynamics of swimming ("Vortex Theory" and "Functional Shaping"); author of over 100 articles and 3 books: Cecil Colwin On Swimming (1969), Introduction To Swimming Coaching (1977), (Canadian Level I Manual) and Swimming Into The 21st Century (1991); Editor of Level II and Level III Manuals of the Canadian Coaches Certification Program; swimming book illustrator and cartoonist.
A competitive swim coach since 1945, Cecil Colwin has long been known for his work on the technical aspects and history of swimming. Internationally, he is know as a coach, stroke technician, administrator, educator, lecturer, researcher, author, cartoonist, and illustrator.
He is the only person to coach and serve on three continents--Africa, Australia, and North America. Born in Port Elizabeth, Cape Province, Colwin became South Africa's first full-time swimming coach and for 26 years, placed swimmers on every Olympic team until which time South Africa was banned from Olympic competition. His 1956 squad, with the exception of one swimmer, comprised the entire Olympic team. The women's 400 meter freestyle relay team, which finished third to Australia and the United States, was from Colwin's home team.
In 1952, he originated the age group swimming program of South Africa and before he moved to Australia in 1971, his swimmers had broken four world records which included Ann Fairlee's 100 meter backstroke record, earned eight positions on Olympic teams (six on British Empire teams and fourteen on other international squads). During his tenure in Australia, Colwin's swimmers won nineteen state championships and three national championships.
In 1973, after a world-wide search, he was appointed National Technical Director of Canada, during which time he implemented the early stages of Canada's successful "TAG" (Top Age Group), talent identification program for discovering aspiring young swimmers. He edited the "Level II" and Level III" Canadian Certification manuals and has served on almost every Canadian organizational committee. Colwin developed a six-point plan for Canadian swimming for the 1986 Montreal Olympics where the Canadian percentage of finalists improved 15.4 percent (USA 18%) from five percent the previous three Olympic Games.
Colwin was the first to conduct extensive research into the fluid dynamics of swimming. Based on his observations of vortex flow reactions in the water, he developed the "functional shaping" method of coaching stroke mechanics. He has written over 100 articles and papers for a variety of periodicals and is the author of Cecil Colwin On Swimming and Introduction To Swimming Coaching, Canada's official Level I coaching manual which has been printed every year since 1977 in English, French, and German.
In 1991, his major work, Swimming Into The 21st Century, was published with over 300 of Cecil's own illustrations. It was the result of a lifetime of work and six years of writing. Over the years, he has delivered over 200 lectures and clinics internationally on the sport of swimming.
Cecil Colwin was inducted into ISHOF in 1993 as an Honor Contributor and swimming lost this great man in 2012.
Friday, August 28, 2020
JANET EVANS (USA)
FOR THE RECORD: 1988 OLYMPIC GAMES: gold (400m freestyle, 800m freestyle, 400m IM); 1992 OLYMPIC GAMES: gold (800m freestyle), silver (400m freestyle); 1996 OLYMPIC GAMES: participant; SEVEN WORLD RECORDS: 2 (400m freestyle), 3 (800m freestyle), 2 (1500m freestyle); 1991 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (400m freestyle, 800m freestyle), silver (200m freestyle); 1994 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (800m freestyle), bronze (4x200m freestyle relay); 1993 SHORT COURSE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (400m freestyle, 800m freestyle, 4x2OOm freestyle relay); 45 U.S. NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS: 11 (400m freestyle),
2 (400y freestyle), 2 (1000y freestyle), 12 (800m freestyle), 1 (1650y freestyle), 8 (1500m freestyle), 1 (200m IM), 2 (400y IM), 5 (400m IM); 7 NCAA NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS: 2 (500y freestyle), 2 (1650y freestyle), 2 (400y IM), 2 (4x200y freestyle relay).
Being teased by other swimmers because of her lack of height and weight while growing up only fueled her to be more competitive and vigorous in the water. Even at 5 feet 4 inches and 99 pounds during her peak years, Janet Evans turned her "windmill-in-a-hurricane" stroke into the machine that won one silver and four Olympic gold medals, set seven world records and qualified for three successive Olympic teams. She was the first American woman to win four individual Olympic gold medals in swimming. As a distance freestyler and 400 IMer, she turned in over half of the top ten 400m and 800m freestyle world best performances in a four-year period. After Shane Gould of Australia, she is only the second female swimmer to hold three world records concurrently (400m, 800m and 1500m freestyle), recognizing her as the USA's greatest female distance swimmer. In just a few short years, she was groomed from swimmer to world hero.
Evans was a very active child who loved swimming. By age three she could do at least half of an I.M.. As a member of the Fullerton Aquatic Swim Team under coach Bud McAllister, she was a coach's dream, always trained hard, never complained and focused on improving. All but the fly came naturally to her. In 1984 at age thirteen, she won her first U.S. Junior Nationals (1500m freestyle). In 1987 she opened onto the national and international scene winning her first of 45 U.S. National Championships over a nine year period and first of 12 Pan Pacific gold medals having qualified in four Pan Pacific Championships. 1987 was also the first year of three World Swimmer of the Year titles (1987,1989,1990).
In the year before the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games, Janet set three of her seven World Records. Her 400m freestyle time of 4:05.45 broke Hall of Famer Tracy Wickham's (AUS) nine-year-old mark and her 8:17.12 800m freestyle time broke the 1978 world record time, also held by Tracy. Janet also set the 1500m freestyle record at 16:00.73, beating Hall of Famer Kim Linehan's 1979 world mark. During her career, Janet set each of these records a second time and a third time for the 800m.
The next year in Seoul, Janet became the first female since Hall of Famer Debbie Meyer in 1968 to win three individual Olympic events - the 400m and 800m freestyle and 400m individual medley. It was her trademark "bursts of speed," a rapid and timely increase in stroke rate towards the end of each race, that boosted her to defeat competitors sometimes 60 pounds stronger and with longer arms and bodies. By capturing the golds, she captured the hearts of millions of people. At age 17 and still a student at El Dorado High School, Placentia, California, she became a household name, a celebrity and public speaker.
In 1989, she was elected U.S.O.C. Sports Woman of the Year and received the Sullivan Award as the most prestigious amateur athlete in the United States. This is only the fourth time in the award's history that a female swimmer has been the recipient.
After two years at Stanford University in the early 1990s swimming for Olympic coach Richard Quick and winning 7 NCAA National Championships as well as NCAA Swimmer of the Year, Janet moved to Austin, Texas to be with Olympic coach Mark Schubert who prepared her for the 1992 and 1996 Olympic teams. In Barcelona in 1992, Janet made Olympic history by becoming the first female to win the 800m freestyle for a second time. She also won the silver in the 400m freestyle. At the 1996 Atlanta Olympics at the age of 24, she competed as captain on her third U.S.A. Olympic team, culminating a career filled with success and excitement.
Janet's familiar pose was standing on top of the victory stand. She won six medals at the 1991 and 1993 short course and 1994 World Championships. After college competition, she became eligible to pursue many sponsorship endorsements. She was elected to the First FINA Athletes Commission (1992), chosen as the Atlantic Games Olympic stadium torchbearer with Mohammed Ali and had "The Janet Evans International" in Los Angeles named in her honor. This energy-efficient, two-beat freestyle swimmer, unusually humble with a smile that won a million hearts, is a swimmer who loved competition, loved racing and loved sharing it with all who asked.
Janet has been a great friend to ISHOF since she was inducted in 2001 (has it really been 19 years ago?) She has been back many times to visit, emcee the Honoree Ceremonies, represent USA Swimming and more! We are ready for your next trip to Fort Lauderdale Janet! We miss you!
JAMES "JIMMY" SMITH (USA)
1992 Honor Pioneer Water Polo/Contributor
FOR THE RECORD: Father of modern water polo; Designer of modern water polo ball; 1955 PAN AMERICAN GAMES Coach; Author of first water polo textbook, 1936.
Jimmy Smith, father of modern water polo, knew more rules and history of the sport than anyone before or after him. Smith introduced and wrote them, developing many of the modern rules which are used in competition today, including the use of the yellow rubberized ball adopted by FINA in 1956.
A native of Oakland, California, Jimmy began his athletic career at the University of Southern California in 1924. Elected team captain of both the swimming and water polo teams, Smith earned an undergraduate degree in Business (1928) and a Masters degree in Education (1935).
Smith used his athletic experience to begin his professional career as a swimming and water polo coach and collegiate athletic director. For over thirty years, Smith served as the athletic director of Fullerton Junior College and Fullerton High School. His water polo and swimming teams amassed 164 team championships, including five national, five AAU, and six California State Championship titles. Internationally, Smith coached the United States Pan American Water Polo Team in 1955 at the second Pan American Games in Mexico City.
Smith was a mentor to many of America's top coaches, including Hall of Famer Monte Nitzkowski, United States National and Olympic team water polo coach. "He was the man who launched my career," said Nitzkowski. "It was Jimmy's guidance, leadership, and undying love for the sport that inspired me."
Smith authored several works on water polo mechanics and coaching. His first book, Playing and Coaching Water Polo, published in 1936 and revised in 1948, was the world's first complete textbook on the sport. Smith also produced and edited The World Encyclopedia of Water Polo, published in 1989. A member of the 1948 and 1952 United States Olympic Water Polo Committees, Smith was elected to the United States Water Polo Hall of Fame in 1976, and in 1985 received the highest honor in the United States Water Polo, the Peter Uebberoth Award, for his contributions to water polo.
Smith was an innovator and his creation of the modern day water polo ball was instrumental in the development of the above-the-water, faster-moving, ball-controlled game. From the 1912 Olympics, the leather soccer ball absorbed water and became extremely heavy, slippery and out-of-control when wet. Following the 1936 Olympic in Berlin, Jimmy developed a ball made with a cotton bladder, which later changed to nylon to improve performance, with a rubber fabric cover. The new ball was red, but by 1948 yellow was adopted for better visibility. It became an official Olympic ball in 1956, greatly increasing spectator interest.
Jimmy Smith is honored for his achievements, friendships, and trail-blazing accomplishments in the sport of water polo. As competitor, coach, and author, water polo was his life.
Thursday, August 27, 2020
CYNTHIA POTTER (USA)
1987 Honor Diver
FOR THE RECORD: OLYMPIC GAMES: Member of the U.S. Olympic Diving Team 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980; 1976 bronze (springboard); AAU NATIONALS (28): Outdoor (1m 1968 through 1976, 1978; 3m 1971, 1972, 1975, 1976; platform 1970, 1971); Indoor (1m 1969 through 1971, 1973, 1976, 1977, 1979; 3m 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1977); WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: 1978 silver (springboard); PAN AMERICAN GAMES: 1975 bronze (springboard); WORLD UNIVERSITY GAMES: 1970 gold (springboard), silver (platform); World Diver of the Year: 1970, 1971, 1977; Lawrence J. Johnson Award for the "Outstanding U.S. Female Diver": 1973.
In the sport of women's diving long dominated by U.S. divers, Cynthia Potter won 28 nationals to become the most winning U.S. woman diver. She also won 20 gold medals in world competition. She was voted "World Diver of the Year" three times.
Weighing less than 100 pounds, this diminutive dynamo competed in diving for the USA a record 20 years both on springboard and tower. Since hanging up her suit, she has coached diving at SMU and Arizona, been a successful model, lecturer and has acted as ABC-TV and Mutual Radio commentator at a variety of events including the 1984 Olympic Games. A graduate of Indiana University, Cynthia made four Olympic teams and won at least one U.S. National Diving Championship in each of 12 years from 1968 to 1979. She goes down in history as the most durable of our lady divers.
|Larson and Devitt after race|
On this day, August 27, in 1960, the Olympic Games were taking place in Rome, Italy. Australian swimmer John Devitt controversially won the 100m freestyle gold medal while American Lance Larson, recorded the same time 55.2 but was awarded the silver medal.
Back in 1960, results were decided by finish judges who relied on their eyes and did not use replays. Three judges were assigned to each finishing position. There were three official timers in 1960 for each lane and swimmer, all timing was by hand. All three timers for Devitt, who was in lane three, timed him in 55.2 seconds. The three timers for lane four timed Lance Larson in 55.0, 55.1, and 55.1 seconds.
FINA co-founder Max Ritter inspected the judge's scorecards. Two of the three first-place judges believed that Devitt had finished first and the third voted for Larson. Of the three-second-place judges, two found that Devitt finished in second place and the third found that Larson was second. Ritter explained to chief judge Runströmer (Sweden) that the results proved a tie. Runstrümer made the final decision and declared Devitt the winner. However, at the time, the rules did not provide the chief judge to have a vote or allow him to break ties. That job was supposed to be broken by referring back to the timing machine. So, the official results gave Devitt the gold and Larson silver, both with the identical time of 55.2 seconds. The USA appealed, providing videotaped footage of the finish which they believed showed Larson the winner. Headed by Jan de Vries, President of FINA in 1960, the appeal jury rejected it, Devitt remaining the winner.
This controversy made way for the need for electronic touchpads to be included in swimming events to determine finish and accurate timing. And thanks to the hard work of our 2020 ISHOF Honor Contributor, Peter Hurzeler, it soon became a reality.
BILL MULLIKEN (USA)
1984 Honor Swimmer
FOR THE RECORD: OLYMPIC GAMES: 1960 gold 9200m breaststroke); PAN AMERICAN GAMES: gold (200m breaststroke); AAU NATIONALS: 1 (220yd breaststroke); NCAA CHAMPIONSHIPS: 1 (200yd breaststroke); AMERICAN RECORDS: 5 9200yd, 200m, 220yd breaststroke).
Sometimes it's not so much who you beat as when you beat them. That's the case for Bill Mulliken, the Chicago lawyer and Masters swimmer.
Mulliken is credited by 1960 U.S. Olympic coach Gus Stager with the surprise Olympic gold medal that inspired the U.S. team to beat the favored Australians. The USA had not won an Olympic breaststroke since 1924, yet nobody should have been too surprised noting Mulliken's past record.
While it was true that Mulliken only occasionally beat the Michigan and Indiana breaststrokers in U.S. Collegiate or AAU competition, he had, on occasion, beaten everybody at everything. As his coach Raymond Ray so proudly put it, "Bill has held, at one time or another, the National Collegiate 200yd (breaststroke) record, the National Indoor 220 yd (breaststroke) record, the Pan-American 200m and the Olympic 200m breaststroke records." Ray might have added the U.S. Olympic trial, for without this one more unexpected win, Bill Mulliken would not have been in Rome to put Australia in his Mulliken stew.
Welcome Bill Mulliken to the International Swimming Hall of Fame where winners are always remembered.
We look back on one of ISHOF's first Masters Swimmers, Tim Garton, as we celebrate what would have been his 78th Birthday
TIM GARTON (USA)
1997 Honor Masters Swimmer
FOR THE RECORD, MASTERS SWIMMING: WORLD RECORDS (21: freestyle, butterfly, individual medley), USMS RECORDS: (52: freestyle, butterfly, breaststroke, individual medley); 1984 MASTERS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (50m, 100m, 200m freestyle, 50m, 100m butterfly, 200m, 400m IM, 50m breaststroke); 1985 MASTERS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (50m, 100m, 200m, 400m freestyle, 200m, 400m IM); 1986 MASTERS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (100m, 200m, 400m freestyle, 200m, 400m IM, 100m butterfly); 1988 MASTERS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (100m, 200m, 400m freestyle, 200m, 400m IM, 100m butterfly); 1990 MASTERS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (100m, 200m, 400m freestyle, 200m, 400m IM, 100m butterfly); 1992 MASTERS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (100m freestyle), silver (400m freestyle, 200m IM), bronze (400m IM); 1994 MASTERS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (100m, 200m freestyle, 200m, 400m IM), silver (400m freestyle); 40-44 Age Group: 5 WORLD RECORDS; 45-49 Age Group: 9 WORLD RECORDS, 16 NATIONAL RECORDS; 50-54 Age Group: 7 WORLD RECORDS, 13 NATIONAL RECORDS; 30-34 Age Group: 6 NATIONAL RECORDS; 35-39 Age Group: 5 NATIONAL RECORDS; US MASTERS NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS (85): 63 short course (100yd butterfly, 200yd breaststroke, 50yd, 100yd, 200yd, 500yd freestyle, 100yd, 200yd, 400yd IM), 26 long course (100m butterfly, 50m, 100m 200m freestyle, 200m, 400m IM).
Few male swimmers have been as dominant as Tim Garton in Masters Swimming from both the beginning of the program and the beginning of the first age group, 25-29. Over Tim's 25 years of competing in Masters Swimming, he has accumulated over 39 world age group records and 144 national records, all in the toughest age group categories.
After all, swimming was a big part of his family. He learned to swim at age two and one-half in Elkhart, Wisconsin. But, after that age, his older and bigger brother began holding him underwater. Tim didn't receive any sympathy from his mother, and she informed him he would either have to get tougher or learn to swim better. So, she woke him every morning at 7:00 a.m. to train until he got as strong as his brother. Although he succeeded in a few months, the workout routine lasted a lifetime.
He swam in the AAU Wisconsin age group program and in high school, but his first big opportunity to swim in a serious program came when he attended Yale University from 1960 to 1964. Yale workouts were approximately 2000 yards in distance and represented a 500% increase over his minimal high school program. He faced daily workouts with 1964 Olympians Steve Clark and others, resulting in faster times in all events. He was twice elected to the NCAA All American team, based on relay performances. He failed to make the 1964 US Olympic team after graduation, but the pent up frustrations of not having achieved his swimming goals may have given Tim the motivation to prove himself in the Masters Swimming program once it started in the early 1970s.
Garton moved to Vail, Colorado in 1967, and has lived there ever since. In 1972, he read about the results of the Masters National Championships, and he and his close friend Chuck Ogilby of Indiana University, decided to train for the 1973 championships. He was the surprise new comer, winning the 200m IM and 200m and 100m freestyles, setting a national record in the 100m, the first of 144 national records through 1996. The older he got, the faster his times were improving. By his late 30s and early 40s, his times compared favorably with some of his college efforts.
In 1984, Tim hired Mark Schubert's assistant coach at Mission Viejo, Al Dorsett, to work closely with him to help develop a Masters program and build a better swimming facility in Vail. All three endeavors succeeded.
Tim competed in the first International and World Masters Championships and throughout the past seven championships has won 36 gold, three silver and one bronze. Twenty gold medals were earned in the 40-44 age group, and he won no less than six titles at each championship in 9 events - 50m, 100m, 200m, 400m freestyle, 50m, 100m butterfly, 50m breaststroke, and 200m, 400m IM. His versatility is overwhelming, and he has set 39 world records in the freestyle, butterfly and individual medley, to the present.
He has attended over 24 US National Championship Masters meets winning 94 first places, 30 of those 94 as national records. Tim holds 144 total national records.
In 1991, Tim was diagnosed with lymphoma, considered an incurable cancerous disease of the lymph system. During chemotherapy and radiation treatments, he continued to train at reduced levels. When his cancer was declared in remission, in August of 1991, some of the doctors credited his devotion to swimming as being largely responsible. In 1992, he started competing again, and in the World Championships in Indianapolis, he won his 100th national and international victory by winning the 100m freestyle. Tim has been a member of the United States Masters Swimming All-American team every year from 1979 to 1996. He was the first man in the 50-54 age group to lower the USMS national record for the 100yd IM to under one minute, a time many of the 25-29 swimmers wish they could do.
Tim Garton lost his battle with cancer in late April, 2016. His wife Mara, still keeps Tim's memory alive at ISHOF and recently become a member of the One in a Thousand Club!
Wednesday, August 26, 2020
JOHN KINSELLA (USA)
1986 Honor Swimmer
FOR THE RECORD: OLYMPIC GAMES: 1968 silver (1500m freestyle); 1972 gold (relay); WORLD RECORDS: 4 (400m, 1500m freestyle; 2 relays); AAU NATIONALS 11 (200yd, 400yd, 500yd 1650ye, 400m 1500m, 4 mile freestyle); NCAA CHAMPIONSHIPS: 6 (500yd, 1650yd freestyle; 2 relays); AMERICAN RECORDS: 9 (500yd, 1650yd, 400m, 1500m, 1 mile freestyle; 1 relay); 1970 Sullivan Award; World Professional Marathon Champion: 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979.
John Kinsella was a big, big swimmer at 6 ft. 3 in. and 200 lbs.
He won the Sullivan Award as the USA's #1 amateur athlete of the year in 1970, halfway between his two Olympics. He was the dominant high school middle distance swimmer, swimming for Don Watson in Hinsdale, Illinois, and the dominant college middle distance swimmer for Doc Counsilman's Indiana University. He also dominated and set records lasting 12 years in the U.S. National AAU.
Afterwards, in his professional career, Kinsella was unbeatable, being declared the World's Professional Champion on a point system including all sanctioned races from 1975 through 1979. During this time he won races across Lake Ontario, the English Channel, and all around the world circuit, usually in world record time. He retired in 1979 with no more swimming worlds to conquer having used his professional earnings to put himself through Harvard Business School.
As a milestone achievement, Kinsella was the first swimmer in history to break 16 minutes for the 1500 Meter swim in 1970.
Let's celebrate, on this date in 1931 one of the greatest Water Polo Players in Hungarian history was born: Kalman Markovits
KALMAN MARKOVITS (HUN)
1994 Honor Water Polo Player
FOR THE RECORD: 1952 OLYMPIC GAMES: gold; 1956 OLYMPIC GAMES: gold; 1960 OLYMPIC GAMES: bronze; 3 EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIPS (1954, 1958, 1962); WORLD STUDENT GAMES CHAMPION (1954); Coach of 1992 Hungarian Olympic Team; gold; Coach of 1968 Hungarian Olympic Team: bronze.
Not only is Kalman Markovits a water polo player extraordinaire, but he has the master ability to coach his players onto an Olympic gold medal. One of the famous Hungarian trio with Hall of Famers Deszo Gyarmati and Gyorgi Karpati, Kalman Markovits was one of the cleverest and fastest water polo players to compete for Hungary, a country that has dominated the sport of water polo for decades.
Markovits was on Hungary's Olympic gold medal teams of 1952 and 1956. At the 1960 Olympics, the Hungarian team took a bronze. Kalman Markovits played on the 1954, 1958 and 1962 gold medal European Championship teams. All told, he played in 137 international competitions for his native country.
After retiring from playing, Markovits coached the 1968 Hungarian Olympic team to a bronze medal and won the Europe Cup and Super World Cup that same year. He moved on to the Spanish National Team in 1985 and spent two years with the Mexican National Team before he made his way home to Hungary and the Hungarian National Team.
Markovits once again made his country proud as the 1992 Hungarian Olympic water polo team won the gold medal in Barcelona.
The world of water polo and all of aquatics lost Kalman on December 5, 2009.
Monday, August 24, 2020
August 24 - Celebrate the birth of one of Hawaii's greatest sons and 1965 ISHOF Honoree, DUKE KAHANAMOKU
DUKE KAHANAMOKU (USA)
1965 Honor Swimmer
The Duke was a great friend to ISHOF in the early days. He helped ISHOF and Buck whenever and however he could He flew all the way to Fort Lauderdale for the grand opening of the pool in the mid 1960's and for his induction. He was part of the first class of the greatest aquatic athletes ever. Along with Johnny Weissmuller and Buster Crabbe, the trio were always the crowd favorites.
Below is the 1965 bio for Duke's induction. Also are some photos of his career and visits to ISHOF. One of the great ones........
FOR THE RECORD: OLYMPIC GAMES: 1912 gold (100m freestyle), silver (4x200m freestyle relay); 1920 gold (100m freestyle; 4x200m freestyle relay), 4th (water polo); 1924 silver (100m freestyle); 1932 team member (water polo); WORLD RECORDS: freestyle.
The history of modern swimming started with the English in 1838. It was the breaststroke, and still the breaststroke, when Matthew Webb swam the Channel in 1875; yet, bas-reliefs dating to 880 B.C. taken from the palace of Nimroud (now in the British Nimroud Gallery) show a fugitive escaping from soldiers by swimming a river using a head high overarm crawl. This stroke was evolving painfully in the western world until a bronzed Duke Kahanamoku swam out of the Hawaiian Islands with it in 1911. His world record times no one would believe.
Jam Handy describes The Duke as a superbly conditioned athlete planing and crawling over the top of the water as no one his size and only one smaller man, Perry McGillivry, seemed able to do. Only after ten years in Hollywood did a 42 year old Duke Kahanamoku in 1932 finally fail to make an Olympic team in swimming. He made it in water polo. He made his first Olympic team in 1912. "He still swam well," says Handy, "but in the water like other mortals, he was no longer in that superb condition needed to get his body planing up on top of the water." Kahanamoku, the perennial Sheriff of Honolulu, and island king in so many movies, was and is a real Duke by christened surname, as well as in deference to his royal Hawaiian blood. His father, Captain Kahanamoku, born in Princess Ruth's palace during a visit of the Duke of Edinburgh, named him Duke in honor of that occasion.
In swimming, he rates his dukedom by Olympic titles as well as his ambassadorship in first introducing surfing around the world, including Australia where it has become a national sport. Duke's royal position in swimming took time to be recognized. He first startled the swimming world by shattering both the 50 and 100 yard world records on the anniversary of Hawaiian annexation day, August 2, 1911, just 12 days before his 21st birthday--doing 24 1/5 in the 40 or 1 3/5 seconds better than the record, and 55 2/5 in the 100, 4 3/5 seconds better than the record. Unfortunately the cast was all Hawaiian and the times were so unbelievable that the Amateur Athletic Union, headquartered in New York, refused to recognize them in spite of the careful reports that were compiled showing that the course in Honolulu Harbor had been measured before the race and 3 times after; had been surveyed by a registered surveyor, that the swimmers were swimming against the tide; and that his nearest competitor, Lawrence Cunha, was 30 feet behind.
After considerable correspondence back and forth, President Wahle of the AAU wrote:
"According to my mind, this matter should be treated very carefully and with extreme caution before the 100 yard record is to be accepted as an AAU record. If his 55 2/5 seconds were accepted and he should afterwards compete in the U.S. or Europe and be beaten by swimmers, the correctness of his 55 2/5 seconds would be seriously questioned as well as the good faith of the AAU.
For this reason, I would like to see Kahanamoku beat the fast men first and have the record accepted afterward."
In the 1912 Stockholm Olympics, Longworth of Australia was the favorite but Duke won the Olympic championship in 63 2/5 seconds. Eight years later at the 1920 Antwerp Olympics, on his 30th birthday, the Duke had to win his gold medal twice. The Australians protested his first win saying their man had been boxed, so the Duke had to win it again. Australia was fourth with Hawaiians first, second and third.
|Duke putting his "handprints in cement"|
|Duke's original Honoree alcove in the "new" ISHOF museum|
|Duke adding Hawaiian waters to the new pool|
|Johnny Weissmuller, Duke, Buster Crabbe|
Jon Sieben (AUS)
2020 Honor Swimmer
FOR THE RECORD: 1984 OLYMPIC GAMES: gold (200m butterfly), bronze (4x100m medley); 1988 OLYMPIC GAMES: 4th (100m butterfly), 6th (4x100m medley); 1992 OLYMPIC GAMES: 6th (4 x 100m medley); ONE WORLD RECORD: 100m butterfly; 1982 COMMONWEALTH GAMES: gold (4x100m medley), bronze (200m butterfly); 1985 PAN PACIFIC GAMES: silver (100m butterfly), silver (4 x100m medley); 1987 PAN PACIFIC GAMES: silver (100m butterfly), bronze (4 x 100m medley); 1991 PAN PACIFIC GAMES: silver (100m butterfly); 1985 UNIVERSIADE GAMES: gold (100m butterfly); 2005 UNIVERSIADE GAMES: 8th (men’s water polo team); 2009 UNIVERSIADE GAMES: gold (men’s water polo team); LONG COURSE NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS: 16; OPEN NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS: 11; U.S. NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS: silver (200m butterfly); NCAA NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS: silver (200y butterfly) bronze (100y butterfly)
Jon Sieben set the world record with a blistering 1:57.04 in the 200m butterfly, winning the event in the major upset of the 1984 Olympic Games. The record stood for 11 months until Michael Gross of Germany regained it in 1985. Swimming as a NCAA swimmer, he competed for the University of Alabama under Coach Don Gambril, but Laurie Lawrence was his coach at the Olympic Games, as he competed for Australia. He competed in three Olympic Games, the first time since Dawn Fraser had participated in three Olympic Games in 1956, 1960 and 1964.
Inge de Bruijn (NED)
2009 Honor Swimmer
FOR THE RECORD: 1992 OLYMPIC GAMES: 8th (100m freestyle, 4x100m freestyle); 2000 OLYMPIC GAMES: gold (50m freestyle, 100m freestyle, 100m butterfly), silver (4x100m freestyle); 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES: gold (50m freestyle), silver (100m freestyle), bronze (100m butterfly, 4x100 freestyle); ELEVEN WORLD RECORDS: four (50m freestyle), two (100m freestyle), two (50m butterfly), two (100m butterfly); 2001 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (50m, 100m freestyle, 50m butterfly); 2003 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: gold (50m freestyle, 50m butterfly); 1999 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS (25m): gold (50m freestyle), silver (4x100m freestyle).
Inge de Bruijn is the most successful athlete of all time in Dutch sports history. In Olympic swimming history, she won four gold, two silver and two bronze medals in the sprint freestyle and butterfly events and joins Debbie Meyer (1968), Shane Gould (1972), Janet Evans (1988), Kristin Otto (1988) and Krisztina Egerszegi (1992) as the only female swimmers to win three gold medals in individual events at one Olympic Games (2000).
Although de Bruijn competed at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics finishing 8th in the 100m freestyle, it wasn’t until 1999 that she won the European Championships 50m freestyle gold medal and started setting world records eleven by the time she retired.
She fell into a slump during the Olympic year of 1996 and connected with Hall of Fame coach Paul Bergen in Portland, Oregon, training under his guidance. Four years later, at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, she won the 50m and 100m freestyles and the 100m butterfly, setting world records in all three events. With a silver medal in the 4 x 100m freestyle relay, her nickname became “Invincible Inky”. In 2000 and 2001, she was named World Female Swimmer of the Year. At the 2001 and 2003 World Championships, she won world records in the 50m and 100m freestyle and the 50m and 100m butterfly.
All totaled, she won eight Olympic medals, seven World Championship medals and 26 Dutch National Championships.
Thursday, August 20, 2020
|Nicolas Granger 2016 MISHOF Honor Swimmer|
Nicholas Granger, 2016 MISHOF Honor Swimmer and two-time Cancer Survivor – He’s One in A Thousand!
When asked why he wanted to join the International Swimming Hall of Fame’s One in A Thousand Club, Granger said, “ISHOF was not even on my radar, because in France, most of the Masters swimmers don't even know that ISHOF exists.
When I was awarded my first "Swimmer of the Year " nomination in 2012, I discovered a new goal to strive toward, because as a French Masters swimmer, you rarely if ever, are given that distinction.
Swimming has always been a great source of pleasure to me, especially after my second bout with cancer in 2003 (first in 1991), and I decided to do my best to become the first French swimmer to be inducted into MISHOF. That dream came true in 2016 and I'm so proud about it, mostly because it was such a long time after my sickness....
Today, I look forward to being able to visit Fort Lauderdale, the new pool and new museum. Swimming is still one of the greatest pleasures in life, along with spending time with my family. I expect our next vacation or the next time a meet is held in Florida, we will finally be able to discover ISHOF.
I will always be grateful that I earned a spot as a member of the MISHOF and am proud that I will always be some small part of the history of Masters swimming. Thank you to ISHOF for doing so much for the memory of our sport.”
Join the One in a Thousand Club by helping ISHOF on a monthly or one-time basis.
For larger corporate sponsorships and estate-planning donations, please contact us at email@example.com
Nicolas Granger (FRA)
2016 Honor Masters Swimmer
INTERNATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS (SWIMMER): World Points-781, Pre 1986 Points- 0, Total Points-781; Since 1993, he has competed in 5 age groups (25-29 through 45-49). 25 FINA MASTERS WORLD RECORDS
Nicolas Granger began competitive swimming as a six-year-old and has been competing ever since. He was an outstanding age-group swimmer and joined the French National Team as a sixteen-year-old in 1983. Ten years later, while still a member of the national team he entered his first Masters meet in the 25-29 age group. He finished the year in the Masters World Top-Ten and has made the list every year since.
He has competed in six FINA World Masters Championships, beginning in 1994, and has won a total of 23 Championship gold medals and six silver. As a versatile swimmer, he has set 29 FINA Masters World Records, 17 long-course and 12 short-course, in the freestyle, breaststroke, backstroke and I.M.
In addition, he has set or broken 55 European Masters records, and 110 French Masters records. Swimming in the United States since 2015, he also has broken five U.S. National Masters Records.
Nicolas is very proud of the fact that he has been his own coach since 1989. He was also the Coach of the French Junior and A team from 1993 through 1995.
In 1991 and again in 2003, Nicolas was diagnosed with testicular cancer. He says he was able to beat his cancer, not once, but twice, due to practice, his routine and to his healthy lifestyle over the last 42 years. In a nutshell: to SWIMMING.
The International Swimming Hall of Fame wants to know if you are one in a thousand. We think you are! Show how special you are and become a member of the International Swimming Hall of Fame’s “One In A Thousand” Club. Help keep the International Swimming Hall of Fame moving forward toward a new vision and museum by joining now!
During these unprecedented times, the ISHOF Board is calling on every member in the aquatic community to make a small monthly commitment of support to show how special you are and how special the International Swimming Hall of Fame is to everyone.
“Our goal is simple. If we get 1,000 people to simply commit $10, $25 or $50 per month, we will generate enough revenue to go beyond this Covid-19 Pandemic Crisis.” – Bill Kent – Chairman of the ISHOF Board
“Those that believe in our vision, mission, and goals can join us in taking ISHOF into the future and be a part of aquatic history.” – Brent Rutemiller – CEO and President of ISHOF
Since 1965, ISHOF has been the global focal point for recording and sharing the history of aquatics, promoting swimming as an essential life-skill, and developing educational programs and events related to water sports. ISHOF’s vision for the future is to build a new museum and expand its reach by offering its museum artifacts digitally through a redesigned website.
The ISHOF Board of Directors is calling on all members of the aquatics community to make a small monthly commitment to show their dedication to aquatics and how special the International Swimming Hall of Fame is to everyone.
About ISHOF Take a Virtual Tour
The International Swimming Hall of Fame (ISHOF) museum opened its doors to the public in December of 1968 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. That same year, the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) – the governing body for Olympic aquatic sports – designated the ISHOF museum as the “Official Repository for Aquatic History”. In 2018, Sports Publications Inc, publisher of Swimming World Magazine and its multi-media platforms, merged with ISHOF to expand the museum’s reach and impact. Today, ISHOF’s vision is to be the global focal point for recording and sharing the history of aquatics, promoting swimming as an essential life-skill, and developing educational programs and events related to water sports. Show your support for the sport of swimming by becoming a member of ISHOF.
ISHOF Vision Statement
To be the global focal point for recording and sharing the history of aquatics, promoting swimming as an essential life-skill, and developing educational programs and events related to water sports.
To be the global focal point for recording and sharing the history of aquatics, promoting swimming as an essential life-skill, and developing educational programs and events related to water sports.
ISHOF Mission Statement
To collaborate with aquatic organizations worldwide to preserve, educate and celebrate history, showcase events, share cultures, and increase participation in aquatic sports.
To collaborate with aquatic organizations worldwide to preserve, educate and celebrate history, showcase events, share cultures, and increase participation in aquatic sports.
The International Swimming Hall of Fame, Inc. is registered as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, incorporated in the State of Florida. Contributions to ISHOF are tax deductible to the fullest extent of the law. ISHOF’s tax identification number is 59-1087179. A COPY OF THE OFFICIAL REGISTRATION AND FINANCIAL INFORMATION MAY BE OBTAINED FROM THE DIVISION OF CONSUMER SERVICES BY CALLING TOLL-FREE (800-435-7352) WITHIN THE STATE OR FROM THE WEBSITE, www.800helpfla.com. REGISTRATION DOES NOT IMPLY ENDORSEMENT, APPROVAL, OR RECOMMENDATION BY THE STATE. You can find out more about us on guidestar.org under International Swimming Hall of Fame, Inc.